New Brunswick History and Other Stuff

Table of Contents, Rev. July 18, 2018

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The blog posts follow this Table of Contents, in the sequence shown.

To access a particular post, copy and paste the title, or a sufficient part of the title, to the search box to the right.

  1. Remembering the Escuminac Disaster of 1959 – July 18, 2018
  2. A Sportsman’s Guide to Sunbury and Queens Counties, 1898. Who to See – July 11, 2018
  3. The Indian who was Transformed into a Megŭmoowesoo – July 4, 2018
  4. Edward Mitchell Bannister, a Prominent Artist From Saint Andrews – June 27, 2018
  5. The Historic Trappist Monastery at Tracadie, N.S., and the Antigonish Area in 1892 – June 20, 2018
  6. God is in His Heaven and All’s Well With New Brunswick – June 13, 2018
  7. Ten Years of Discord in Acadia: And so it Goes – June 6, 2018
  8. Were Taxes too Low in the 1820’s to Promote Industry? – May 30, 2018
  9. The Adventures of Ababejit, an Indian Chief and Magician of the Micmac – May 23, 2018
  10. John Gyles, His Times and How he was Captured – May 16, 2018
  11. An Illustrated Description of the Building of Stanley, New Brunswick – May 9, 2018
  12. A Proposal to Buy Canada for $85.7-million, plus Other Considerations – May 2, 2018
  13. To Fredericton, Stanley and Woodstock, on my Way to the Tobique in 1851 – Apr. 25, 2018
  14. The Principal Hotels in the Maritime Provinces, 1905, With Photographs – Apr. 18, 2018
  15. Halifax From 1749 to 1800 — Minus the Wars and Politics – Apr. 11, 2018
  16. William Brydone Jack on the Future of University Education in New Brunswick – Apr. 4, 2018
  17. Saint John: From Nothing, to Become Canada’s Winter Port – Mar. 28, 2018
  18. Saint John, New Brunswick Churches in 1910 – Mar. 21, 2018
  19. Chief Making Among the Passamaquoddy Indians – Mar. 14, 2018
  20. Canoeing Down the Restigouche River in 1895 – Mar. 7, 2018
  21. Northern New Brunswick, Heaven on Earth – Feb. 28, 2018
  22. Indian Place Names From Around Passamaquoddy Bay – Feb. 21, 2018
  23. Alexander McNutt’s Accomplishments Went Well Beyond Maugerville – Feb. 14, 2018
  24. Albert County, New Brunswick, about 170 Years Ago – Feb. 7, 2018
  25. 1865: Rise in Support of this Mighty Project! The Confederation Debate – Jan. 31, 2018
  26. The Genesis of Prince Edward Island’s Distinctive Property Laws – Jan. 24, 2018
  27. Saint John’s ‘English Period’, 1758 to 1782 – Jan. 17, 2018
  28. Education in New Brunswick in 1837 – Jan. 10, 2018
  29. The Babcock Tragedy, a Story of Madness and Murder – Jan. 3, 2018
  30. Cape Breton, from about 1000 AD to the Mid-1600’s – Dec. 27, 2017
  31. Christmas as it was in Saint John, 1808 – Dec. 23, 2017
  32. The Saint John River, the Rhine of America – Dec. 20, 2017
  33. A Veiled Threat to Invade New Brunswick – Dec. 13, 2017
  34. A Few Weeks in 1755, the Expulsion of the Acadians Begins – Dec. 6, 2017
  35. The Magical Dancing Doll – Nov. 29, 2017
  36. Immigration to New Brunswick in 1832, and Lumber Mills – Nov. 22, 2017
  37. Harvey, New Brunswick, 1837 – Nov. 15, 2017
  38. On the Road to Responsible Government in New Brunswick – Nov. 8, 2017
  39. Through the Woods in the Dead of Winter; Fredericton to the Miramichi – Nov. 5, 2017
  40. Acadia in 1720, as Seen by Paul Mascerene – Oct. 25, 2017
  41. Nova Scotia’s Sham Government in 1720 – Oct. 18, 2017
  42. Three Short Wabanaki Thunder Stories – Oct. 11, 2017
  43. Stanley, N.B., Carved from the Wilderness – in a Hurry – Oct. 4, 2017
  44. Drunkenness Yearly More Common Amongst all Classes – Sept. 27, 2017
  45. John Cabot, London Superstar and Discoverer of Cape Breton – Sept. 20, 2017
  46. Nicolas Denys, the First Proprietor and Governor of all of the Gulf Coast of Acadia – Sept. 13, 2017
  47. Promoting New Brunswick in 1832 – Sept. 6, 2017
  48. A View of Acadian History, from 30,000 Feet – Aug. 30, 2017
  49. Nova Scotia During the Revolution, an American Perspective – Aug. 23, 2017
  50. The Many Trials of Richard Valpey of Yarmouth, and his Service to the American Cause During the Revolution – Aug. 16, 2017
  51. From Saint John to Annapolis Royal, Around the Bay of Fundy in 1787 – Aug. 9, 2017
  52. Nova Scotia in 1775: “Every Spot is Inhospitable and Frigid” – Aug. 2, 2017
  53. Notes About Edward Cornwallis, Who Has Been in the News Lately – July 26, 2017
  54. Starving, Fly-Bitten, and Lost in the Woods – July 19, 2017
  55. Saint John and Saint George, New Brunswick, in 1842 – July 12, 2017
  56. The Razing of Chignecto, and the Attack on Fort Nashwaak – July 5, 2017
  57. Captain Henry Mowat’s Account of the Battle on the Penobscot – June 28, 2017
  58. Voyage of the First Fleet of 1783, and the Settlement of Kingston by a Band of Loyalists – June 21, 2017
  59. 1,500 Dead in Saint John. The Cholera Epidemic of 1854 – June 14, 2017
  60. Fishing on the Nepisiquit River in the 1870’s – June 7, 2017
  61. The Clock at Fredericton City Hall – May 31, 2017
  62. Prohibition in Saint John in the 1920’s, an Exposé – May 24, 2017
  63. Boss Gibson’s First Railroad – May 17, 2017
  64. The New Brunswick Postal Service in 1856 – May 10, 2017
  65. Defending the ‘Worthless, Unsteady and Villainous’ Cutters of Wood – May 3, 2017
  66. Tossed by the Sea Into a Frozen Wilderness-1788 – Apr. 26, 2017
  67. The King of France Cannot Have Given You Our Land, Because it Was Not His – Apr. 19, 2017
  68. Bureaucracy and the Expulsion of the Acadians – Apr. 12, 2017
  69. From Pictou, Nova Scotia to Saint John, New Brunswick via Charlottetown and Shediac in 1867 – Apr. 5, 2017
  70. A Sunday EXTRA: No Meeting of Minds Between the Acadians and the British in 1717 – Apr. 2, 2017
  71. Grand Falls, New Brunswick in 1844 – A Vast Ocean of Trees – Mar. 29, 2017
  72. Shabby Streets, Decaying Houses, and Steep Plank Sidewalks. Saint John in 1874 – Mar. 22, 2017
  73. In the Beginning – Wabanaki Creation Stories – Mar. 15, 2017
  74. Pride versus Rascals and Villains in Saint John in 1791 – Mar. 8, 2017
  75. The Trent Affair – Mar. 1, 2017
  76. A Shocking Description of Anti-Confederates in Rural Nova Scotia in 1867 – Feb. 22, 2017
  77. Surveying Through the Wilderness in 1844 – Feb. 15, 2017
  78. At the Bend of the Petitcodiac in 1844: Moncton – Feb. 8, 2017
  79. Maria Rye and Her British Home Children – Feb. 1, 2017
  80. New Brunswick’s East Coast in 1832, Following the Miramichi Fire – Jan. 25, 2017
  81. Slavery in the Loyalist Era – Jan. 18, 2017
  82. Weather and the Seasons in Micmac Mythology – Jan. 11, 2017
  83. New Brunswick’s Roads in 1832: ‘Many paths are misnamed roads’. Jan. 7, 2017
  84. Nova Scotia and New England During the Revolution – Dec. 28, 2016
  85. A Holiday Special: Christmas as it Was in Saint John in 1808 – Dec. 23, 2016
  86. Expressions from Cuffer Down plus Signs and Omens – Dec. 21, 2016
  87. From Passamaquoddy to the Petitcodiac: What it Was Like in 1832 – Dec. 14, 2016
  88. Raymond Writes About the Lives and Customs of the Mi’kmaq and Maliseet People – Dec. 7, 2016
  89. The Governor’s House was an Outrage to Good Taste – Fredericton in 1832 – Nov. 30, 2016
  90. An Unparalleled and Abominable Deception – Nov. 23, 2016
  91. Not a Metropolis, but the Largest Town in the Province – Saint John in 1832 – Nov. 16, 2016
  92. Lumber Camp Life, and Game-Wardens Poaching Moose – Nov. 9, 2016
  93. Louisbourg: It Didn’t Have to Happen. It Just Didn’t Have to Happen – Nov. 2, 2016
  94. Let Us Consider the Lowly Seagull – Oct. 26, 2016
  95. 5 – David Kennedy Completes His Travels of 1876 in Halifax – Oct. 19, 2016
  96. 4 – David Kennedy’s Tour of Nova Scotia in 1876 – Oct. 12, 2016
  97. 3 – David Kennedy’s Tour of Newcastle, Chatham and Bathurst in 1876 – Oct. 5, 2016
  98. 2 – David Kennedy’s Visit to Saint John, New Brunswick in 1876 – Sept. 28, 2016
  99. 1 – David Kennedy’s Travels from Quebec City to New Brunswick in 1876 – Sept. 21, 2016 (This blog posting was lost on Sept. 28th. I decided not to re-post, since it would clutter my subscribers’ screens.)
  100. A Short History of Early English Nova Scotia – Sept. 14, 2016
  101. Fish Wardens Described as Useless Political Appointments – Sept. 7, 2016
  102. With Indian Guides in the Wilds of New Brunswick, 1862 – Aug. 31, 2016
  103. Blog past #300: Port Royal from 1604 to 1613. Of Heritage Value to all North Americans – Aug. 24, 2016
  104. Hunting Down the Last of the Old Growth Pine – Aug. 17, 2016
  105. Dr. James Robb – Aug. 10, 2016
  106. Peace Negotiations With Pierre Tomah on the Saint John River – Aug. 3, 2016
  107. Business Opportunities on Campobello Island – July 27, 2016
  108. A Pompous Captain on the Evils of Logging – July 20, 2016
  109. The Too-Easy Life of Nova Scotians Disproved – July 13, 2016
  110. Why Not to Marry a Nova Scotia Woman, and How to Make Maple Sugar – July 6, 2016
  111. The Bloody Assault on Fort Louisbourg in 1758 – June 29, 2016
  112. The Medical Men of Saint John in its First Half Century – June 22, 2016
  113. Henry Ketchum and the Chignecto Marine Transport Railway – June 15, 2016
  114. A War Journal from Majabidwaduce on the Penobscot – June 8, 2016
  115. Mi’kmaq Magic and Medicine – June 1, 2016
  116. Thomas Wood, and His Visit to the Saint John River in 1769 – May 25, 2016
  117. The Northern Colonies: Languishing in Mediocrity – ca 1804 – May 18, 2016
  118. Fredericton’s Victoria Cottage Hospital – May 11, 2016
  119. The Passamaquoddy Wampum Records – May 4, 2016
  120. Slog on, or Die – Apr. 27, 2016
  121. Changes Nova Scotia Underwent from Discovery to 1758 When the First General Assembly Met in Halifax – Apr. 20, 2016
  122. The Disastrous Winter on St. Croix Island, 1604-05, and Other Adventures – Apr. 13, 2016
  123. Missions to the Mi’kmaq and Maliseet in the Early 1800’s – Apr. 6, 2016
  124. It Sounded Like a Residential School Philosophy – Mar. 30, 2016
  125. The Acadian Fugitives – Mar. 23, 2016
  126. Giddy, Eccentric, and Discontented Characters, or Misguided Souls, or Turncoats? – Mar. 16, 2016
  127. Indian Routes of Travel in New Brunswick – Mar. 9, 2016
  128. Historic Sites from the English Period on the Saint John River – Mar. 2, 2016
  129. How to Hunt a Moose, a Goose, and a Caribou in New Brunswick in 1791 – Feb. 24, 2016
  130. William Hubbard Complains to Edward Winslow about the Congregationalists in Sheffield – Feb. 17, 2016
  131. Good Fences Make Good Neighbours – Feb. 10, 2016
  132. WE NEED THE ACADIANS TO REMAIN: Lieut Governor, 1715 – Feb. 2, 2015
  133. Guy Carleton on the Fur Trade in Canada, 1767 – Jan. 27, 2016
  134. A Letter on Irish Immigrants – Jan. 20, 2016
  135. The Wreck of the ‘Lord Ashburton’ – Jan. 13, 2016
  136. A Ghost at Noonday – Jan. 6, 2016
  137. Silas Rand on the Mi’kmaq People – Part 3: Will Not the Bright Sun and the Blue Heavens Testify Against Us? – Dec. 30, 2015
  138. Silas Rand on the Mi’kmaq People – Part 2: To Every Thing There is a Season – Dec. 23, 2015
  139. Silas Rand on the Mi’kmaq People – Part 1: All Men From One Blood – Dec. 16, 2015
  140. Limits to the Royal Bounty – Dec. 9, 2015
  141. Nova Scotia, a Receptacle for Superfluous People? – Dec. 1, 2015
  142. From New Ireland to New Brunswick – Nov. 25, 2015
  143. The Most Gentlemanlike Government on Earth – Nov. 18, 2015
  144. I Love You for Your Plainness – Nov. 11, 2015
  145. Ward Chipman Remembers the Final Evacuation of New York – Nov. 4, 2015
  146. A Reply to “Men of Honor and Probity Run Amok” – Oct. 28, 2015
  147. A Century of Educational Progress in New Brunswick from 1800 to 1900 – Oct. 21, 2015
  148. Notes About the Earliest Public Markets in Saint John, New Brunswick – Oct. 14, 2015
  149. The Provincial Dairy School at Sussex, New Brunswick, 1900 – Oct. 7, 2015
  150. An Account of Nova Scotia in 1743 – Sept. 30, 2015
  151. The Petition of the Infamous 55 – Sept. 23, 2015
  152. Francis Sharpe’s Woodstock Apples – Sept. 16, 2015
  153. The Expulsion of the Acadians, a Military Surgeon’s Diary – Sept. 9, 2015
  154. The New Brunswick Election of 1785 – Sept. 2, 2015
  155. The Many Fires in Saint John, 1784-1877 – Aug. 26, 2015
  156. A Proposal for an Attack on Nova Scotia – Aug. 19, 2015
  157. Fredericton’s Great Flood of 1936 – Aug. 12, 2015
  158. A Letter about the Acadians and the Expulsion – Aug. 5, 2015
  159. Saint John in 1834, Before it was Forever Changed by the Great Fire – July 29, 2015
  160. New Brunswick, No Country for a Mere Gentleman, 1834 – July 22, 2015
  161. Woodstock, the Only Village Between the Green River and Fredericton in 1834 – July 15, 2015
  162. On the Tamiscouta Prtage from Lake Tamiscouta to just above Grand Falls, 1834 – July 10, 2015
  163. Men of Honor and Probity Run Amok – July 1, 2015
  164. By Steamer to the So-Called City of Fredericton – June 24, 2014
  165. A Quiet and Business-Like Little City – June 17, 2015
  166. Rambles Among the Bluenoses in 1862 – June 10, 2015
  167. Edward John Russell, a New Brunswick Artist – June 3, 2015
  168. Provincial Lunatic Asylum, Report of the Medical Superintendent, 1875 – May 27, 2015
  169. The Saint John River and Port Royal in the Early 1600’s – May 20, 2015
  170. What Should We Think of Benedict Arnold? – May 13, 2015
  171. Diphtheria in New Brunswick in the Year 1889 – May 6, 2015
  172. The Official Account of the Destruction of Burnt Church – Apr. 29, 2015
  173. The Exchange Coffee House and Saint John’s First Club – Apr. 22, 2015
  174. The Wigwams and Dwellings of the Gaspesians – Apr. 15, 2015
  175. The Story of Brook Watson – Apr. 8, 2015
  176. Where Stood Fort LaTour? – Apr. 1, 2015
  177. Things This Morning Really Wear the Aspect of War – Mar. 25, 2015
  178. At Portland Point – Mar. 18, 2015
  179. Electrical Power From the Reversing Falls – Mar. 10, 2015
  180. Father Rale’s War – 1722-25; How it Ended – Mar. 4, 2015
  181. What Was the Big Deal About the Marco Polo? – Feb. 25, 2015
  182. Grand Manan to Petitcodiac, in 1786 – Feb. 18, 2015
  183. A Trip From St. John to Fredericton in 1870 – Feb. 11, 2015
  184. A Tour of St. John, N.B., in 1870 – Feb. 4, 2015
  185. Destruction by Fire of the First Cathedral in Chatham – Jan. 28, 2015
  186. Burgan the Burglar – Jan. 21, 2015
  187. Facts and Reasons Against Confederating With Canada – Jan. 14, 2015
  188. Discontent in Early Halifax in 1756 – Jan. 7, 2015
  189. A Trip on the ICR From Bathurst to Miramichi – Dec. 31, 2014
  190. Early Attempts to Introduce the Cultivation of Hemp in Eastern British America – Dec. 24, 2014
  191. Touring Campbellton and Dalhousie, Despite the Mosquitoes, 1876 – Dec. 19, 2014
  192. The Fire of 1837 in Saint John – Dec. 10, 2014
  193. The Cruise of the Rechab – Dec. 3, 2014
  194. A Night in the Deep – Nov. 26, 2014
  195. Robert Foulis (A Misplaced Genius) – Nov. 19, 2014
  196. The City Mills – Nov. 15, 2014
  197. The Brothers d’Amours – Nov. 5, 2014
  198. John Allan’s Revolutionary Mission to the Saint John River – Oct. 29, 2014
  199. Relics of the Acadian Period – Oct. 22, 2014
  200. Some Odd Old Advertisements – Oct. 15, 2014
  201. The Miramichi Fire – Relief of the Sufferers – Oct. 8, 2014
  202. Jonathan Eddy’s Account of the Attack on Fort Cumberland, November, 1776 – Oct. 1, 2014
  203. Which of These Two is the Wisest and Happiest? – Sept. 24, 2014
  204. Fredericton Bridge, a Prophetic Writing – Sept. 17, 2014
  205. A Speech to Distinguished Persons of Stake and Consideration – Sept. 10, 2014
  206. Building an Education System From Almost Nothing – Sept. 3, 2014
  207. Cape Tormentine to the Baye des Chaleurs in the 1600’s – Aug. 27, 2014
  208. The Customs of the Mi’kmaq in the 1600’s and Before – Aug. 20, 2014
  209. Two Documents Relating to the Fenians in New Brunswick – Aug. 13, 2014
  210. The Lazaretto for Lepers in Tracadie, 1862 – Aug. 6, 2014
  211. Thoughts About the Augustine Mound at Metepenegiag Mi’kmaq Nation – July 30, 2014
  212. What am I Bid for This Pauper? – July 23, 2014
  213. Trouble at Madawaska, 1831 – July 16, 2014
  214. The Great Fire at Saint John, June 20, 1877 – July 9, 2014
  215. The Poor Fellows Shook as if They Would Fall to Pieces! – July 2, 2014
  216. How to Build a Logging Camp in Around 1850 – June 25, 2014
  217. Risen from the Ashes, Phoenix Square in Fredericton – June 18, 2014
  218. Rocks and Water, Magnificence and Squalor; St. John in 1876 – June 11, 2014
  219. Moncton as Seen by a Journalist in 1876 – June 4, 2014
  220. Events Leading to the Caraquet Riots of 1875 – May 28, 2014
  221. A Dramatic Account of the Miramichi Fire – May 21, 2014
  222. Saint John in the Early 1840’s – May 18, 2014
  223. The Myth that Kerosene was Invented in New Brunswick – May 7, 2014
  224. A Church with Military Boots and Fixed Bayonets – Apr. 30, 2014
  225. An Opening Salvo in an Ongoing Argument – Apr. 23, 2014
  226. May living worms his corpse devour – Apr. 16, 2014
  227. He don’t look any better than some of our own boys – Apr. 9, 2014
  228. The Disputed Territory Between New Brunswick and Maine – Apr. 2, 2014
  229. Navigation on the Saint John River – Mar. 26, 2014
  230. Shepody as a Hot Investment Opportunity, 1868 – Mar. 19, 2014
  231. To Her Majesty, RE: Reciprocity, 1853 – Mar. 12, 2014
  232. Diary on the Tobique, 1851 – Mar. 5, 2014
  233. Growing up in Fredericton in the 1820s and 1830s – Feb. 26, 2014
  234. Travels From Eastport, Maine, to Fredericton, 1851 – Feb. 19, 2014
  235. The Saint John General Public Hospital, 19th Century, Part 2 of 2 – Feb. 12, 2014
  236. The Saint John General Public Hospital, 19th Century, Part 1 of 2 – Feb. 5, 2014
  237. The Story of the Great Brothers – Jan. 29, 2014
  238. A Trek up the Tobique, and Onward to Bathurst – Jan. 22, 2014
  239. Summer Tourists. A Manual for New Brunswick Farmers – Jan. 19, 2014
  240. A Trek from Grand Falls to Campbellton, 1862 – Jan. 15, 2014
  241. A Trek From Taymouth to Boisetown, 1862 – Jan. 12, 2014
  242. Capt. William Owen’s Journal, Campobello, 1770-71 – Jan. 8, 2014
  243. The Founding of Campobello Island – Jan. 5, 2014
  244. New Brunswick Roads and Railways, 1855 – Jan. 1, 2014
  245. Grand Manan – Dec. 29, 2013
  246. The Shipyard Fire in Saint John, in 1841 – Dec. 26, 2013
  247. Christmas as it Was in Saint John, in 1808 – Dec. 22, 2013
  248. The Saint John Grammar School – Dec. 18, 2013
  249. William Wishart Blasts the New Brunswick Education System, 1845 – Dec. 15, 2013
  250. The Diary of Sarah Frost – Dec. 11, 2013
  251. Pŭlěs, Pŭlowěch′, and Beechkwěch (Pigeon, Partridge, and Nighthawk) – Dec. 10, 2014
  252. The Government of New Brunswick, 1837 – Dec. 4, 2013
  253. The Whales and the Robbers – Dec. 1, 2013
  254. The Ashburton Treaty – Nov. 27, 2013
  255. Glooscap and His Four Visitors – Nov. 24, 2013
  256. The Pioneers of Saint Stephen – Nov. 20, 2013
  257. The Adventures of Kâktoogwâsees; a Tale of Ancient Times – Nov. 17, 2013
  258. The Asylum at Saint John – Nov. 13, 2013
  259. The Liver-Colored Giants and Magicians – Nov. 10, 2013
  260. Smuggling Between Calais and St. Stephen – Nov. 6, 2013
  261. The Two Weasels – Nov. 3, 2013
  262. The European and North American Railway, 1862 – Oct. 30, 2013
  263. The Origin of the War Between the Mi’kmaq and the Kwěděches – Oct. 23, 2013
  264. Trouble on the Line: The Early Telegraph in New Brunswick – Oct. 16, 2013
  265. The Invisible Boy; Team′ and Oochigeaskw – Oct. 9, 2013
  266. Transportation to and from Fredericton, 1841 – Oct. 2, 2013
  267. The Boy That Was Transformed Into a Horse – Sept. 25, 2013
  268. McAdam: Notes From the Early Days – Sept. 18, 2013
  269. The Magical Food, Belt and Flute – Sept. 11, 2013
  270. European & North American Rly. Staff, 1861 – Sept. 4, 2013
  271. Glooscap and the Megumoowesoo: A Marriage Adventure – Aug. 28, 2013
  272. The Loss of the Royal Tar – Aug. 21, 2013
  273. Robbery and Murder Revenged, Plus a Grand Falls Story – Aug. 14, 2013
  274. The St. John River From Below Fredericton to the Reversing Falls – Aug. 7, 2013
  275. A Proposal for a Wooden Railway – July 31, 2013
  276. ‘On the Early History of New Brunswick’ – July 24, 2013
  277. The Maugerville Settlement, 1763-1824 – July 17, 2013
  278. 1930 Circus Train Wreck Near Moncton, N.B. – July 10, 2013
  279. Horses or Oxen? Pick one – July 3, 2013
  280. The St. John River; Andover to Fredericton – June 26, 2013
  281. Origins of Some Place Names on N.B.’s Eastern Shore – June 19, 2013
  282. The St. John River; Grand Falls to the Tobique – June 12, 2013
  283. Gabriel Acquin – June 5, 2013
  284. The Seigniories of New Brunsiwck – May 29, 2013
  285. An 1841 Trek up the Oromocto River – May 22, 2013
  286. Fredericton’s Exhibition Palace, and Bears in N.B. – May 15, 2013
  287. Murder on Diamond Square Road – May 8, 2013
  288. Acadian Historic Sites in New Brunswick – May 1, 2013
  289. John C. Tracy’s Book, Part 5 of 5 – Apr. 24, 2013
  290. John C. Tracy’s Book, Part 4 of 5 – Apr. 17, 2013
  291. John C. Tracy’s Book, Part 3 of 5 – Apr. 10, 2013
  292. John C. Tracy’s Book, Part 2 of 5 – Apr. 3, 2013
  293. John C. Tracy’s Book, Part 1 of 5 – Mar. 27, 2013
  294. A Retrospective Look at Saint John – Mar. 20, 2013
  295. The Wreck of the England – Mar. 13, 2013
  296. The First Decade of the 1800’s in St. John, N.B. – Mar. 6, 2013
  297. St. John’s Poorhouse and Workhouse – Feb. 27, 2013, Rev. Sept. 9, 2015
  298. New Brunswick Scenes From an Old Book – Feb. 20, 2013
  299. Nice Pictures From Another Old Book – Feb. 13, 2013
  300. Life in the Backwoods of New Brunswick, Part 2/2 – Feb. 6, 2013
  301. Life in the Backwoods of New Brunswick, 1845 – Jan. 30, 2013
  302. The Works of W.O. Raymond – Jan. 23, 2013
  303. The Year of the Fever – Jan. 16, 2013
  304. Hanged for the Theft of 25 Cents – Jan. 9, 2013
  305. Reversing Falls – Pictures – Jan. 2, 2013
  306. Christmas as it was in 1808 – Dec. 25, 2012
  307. Nice Pictures From an Old Book – Dec. 19, 2012
  308. The Saint John Bridge Collapse of 1837 – Dec. 12, 2012
  309. The First Road Bridge Across the Reversing Falls – Dec. 5, 2012
  310. The Mystery of the First Lizzie Morrow – Nov. 28, 2012
  311. The First Murder Trial on the River St. John – Nov. 21, 2012
  312. The March of the 104th Regiment in 1812 – Nov. 14, 2012
  313. Partridge Island – Nov. 7, 2012
  314. Fredericton’s First Bridge Across the Saint John River – Oct. 31, 2012
  315. 1816, The Year Without a Summer – Oct. 31, 2012
  316. Winslow to Wentworth, 1781 – Oct. 31, 2012
  317. The Saxby Gale of 1869 – Oct. 31, 2012
  318. New Brunswick’s Third Town in 1838: Saint Andrews – Oct. 31, 2012
  319. Fredericton and York County in 1838 – Oct. 31, 2012
  320. The City and County of Saint John in 1838 – Sept. 26, 2012
  321. The St. Andrews and Quebec Railroad – Sept. 19, 2012
  322. The Studholm Report of Saint John River Pre-Loyalists in 1783 – Sept. 12, 2012
  323. Caleb Jones. Further RE: Ann, otherwise known as Nancy – Sept. 5, 2012
  324. The Wreck of the Martha – Aug. 29, 2012
  325. The Early Settlement of Maugerville and the Sheffield Parsonage Dispute – Aug. 22, 2012
  326. Lieutenant Governors of New Brunswick to Confederation, Part 2 of 2 – Aug. 15, 2012
  327. Lieutenant Governors of New Brunswick to Confederation, Part 1 of 2 – Aug. 8, 2012
  328. The Morrow House at French Lake, N.B. – New Information – Aug. 1, 2012
  329. Sound by Glen Glenn, Revision 1 – July 25, 2012
  330. Ann, otherwise known as Nancy – July 18, 2012
  331. The Fire of October 7, 1825 – Beyond the Miramichi – July 11, 2012
  332. Lemuel Allan Wilmot – July 4, 2012
  333. The Great Fire at Miramichi, October 7, 1825 – June 27, 2012
  334. Robert Rankin in New Brunswick – June 20, 2012
  335. Who Owned the Mill at Tracy, New Brunswick? – June 13, 2012
  336. Signatures of Sunbury County Ancestors – June 6, 2012
  337. Daniel Wood’s Log Cabin, and Little Field Barn at French Lake, New Brunswick – May 30, 2012
  338. Rusagonis and George Garraty – May 23, 2012
  339. Epitaph Transcriptions from a Collection – May 16, 2012
  340. Central New Brunswick Gravestones from a Genealogy – May 9, 2012
  341. Nashwaak River Pictures with Stewart Family Connections – May 2, 2012
  342. More Sunbury County Photographs from a Collection – Apr. 25, 2012
  343. An Indian Burial Ground at Oromocto; and Coal Mining on the Oromocto River – Apr. 22, 2012
  344. “Days of Old” by Katherine DeWitt and Norma Alexander – Apr. 18, 2012
  345. The Wood Cemetery at French Lake, New Brunswick – Apr. 11, 2012
  346. James Glenie in New Brunswick – Apr. 4, 2012
  347. Four Generations of the Stewart Family on the Nashwaak River – Mar. 28, 2012
  348. Three Generations of the Mersereau Family in New Brunswick – Mar. 21, 2012
  349. Three Generations of the Smith Family of Sunbury County, New Brunswick – Mar. 14, 2012
  350. Three Generations of the Wood Family of French Lake, New Brunswick – Mar. 7, 2012
  351. New Brunswick Education in 1883 – Feb. 29, 2012
  352. Riots and Demonstrations in Saint John – Feb. 20, 2012
  353. Making Better Butter – Feb. 18, 2012
  354. York County Place Names, 1896/1905 – Feb. 8, 2012
  355. Sunbury County Place Names, 1896/1905 – Feb. 1, 2012
  356. Stereoscopic slides from Fred Stewart, Part 3 of 3 – Jan. 25, 2012
  357. Stereoscopic slides from Fred Stewart, Part 2 of 3 – Jan. 18, 2012
  358. Stereoscopic slides from Fred Stewart, Part 1 of 3 – Jan. 11, 2012
  359. The Hon. Thomas Baillie: Gone, but not soon forgotten! – Jan. 5, 2012
  360. The Fort at Oromocto, 1780 – 1783 – Dec. 29, 2011
  361. The Great Fire in Fredericton, 1850 – Early Accounts – Dec. 15, 2011
  362. The Morrow House at French Lake, and More – Dec. 8, 2011
  363. The Old Woman House at French Lake, New Brunswick – Dec. 1, 2011
  364. Smith Family Photographs from a Collection, Sunbury County, N.B. – Nov. 25, 2011
  365. French Lake from Before we Remember – Nov. 20, 2011
  366. How Geary became known as Geary – Nov. 9, 2011
  367. Elizabeth (Smith) Secord; N.B.’s First Woman Registered Doctor – Nov. 4, 2011
  368. Phillips Family Photographs from a Collection, Rusagonis, N.B. – Nov. 2, 2011
  369. Mersereau Family Photographs from a Collection, Sunbury County, N.B. – Oct. 30, 2011
  370. Wood Family Photographs from a Collection, French Lake, N.B. – Oct. 25, 2011
  371. Jeremiah Tracy: Pioneer of the Village of Tracy, New Brunswick – Oct. 20, 2011
  372. Two Old Railroad-Inspired Songs – Oct. 16, 2011
  373. Ode to the Oromocto River – Oct. 10, 2011
  374. John Mersereau, Loyalist 2 – Oct. 4, 2011
  375. The Earliest American Railroads and Locomotives – Sept. 14, 2011
  376. The Mersereau Manufacturing Company of Brooklyn, New York, Notes – Sept. 3, 2011
  377. George Morrow of French Lake, New Brunswick – 1801-1868 – Aug. 26, 2011
  378. The Wood Family of French Lake, New Brunswick – Legends – Aug. 9, 2011
  379. The Baptist Church on the Oromocto River in New Brunswick – Aug. 7, 2011
  380. John Wood of French Lake, New Brunswick – 1788-1868 – Aug. 2, 2011
  381. Daniel Wood of French Lake, New Brunswick – 1764-1847 – Aug. 1, 2011
  382. Three Stewarts on the Nashwaak – July 24, 2011
  383. Bunker Genealogy – Five Bunkers – July 20, 2011
  384. Statistics From the 1851 and 1871 Sunbury County New Brunswick Census Reports – July 19, 2011
  385. Historical Development of the Beam Bending Equation M=fS – July 18, 2011
  386. Seth Noble, Maugerville and the American Revolution – July 16, 2011
  387. Columns, the Long and the Short of it – 1729-1900 – July 15, 2011
  388. The Great Saint John Steel Cantilever Bridge – July 13, 2011
  389. The Upper Oromocto River in 1847 – July 11, 2011
  390. Early Glimpses of the Rusagonis Baptist Church in New Brunswick – July 11, 2011
  391. Abraham Gesner’s 1847 Observations of Sport Hunting in New Brunswick – July 11, 2011
  392. It Sounds a bit Too Easy – July 10, 2011
  393. James Buncker – July 10, 2011
  394. Inconsistent Petitions; Changed Self-Interests – July 10, 2011
  395. Abner Mersereau and a Letter – July 9, 2011
  396. Early Glimpses of the Patterson Settlement Baptist Church in New Brunswick – July 9, 2011
  397. The Textile Mill at Geary, New Brunswick – July 8, 2011
  398. Letter of Mi’kmaq’ Chief Pemmeenauweet to Queen Victoria – 1841 – July 7, 2011
  399. New Brunswick in the 1840s – July 7, 2011


John Wood


Written by johnwood1946

July 18, 2018 at 8:05 AM

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Remembering the Escuminac Disaster of 1959

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From the blog at

Remembering the Escuminac Disaster of 1959

Les Pêcheurs

From the online Encyclopedia of French Cultural Heritage in North America

The storm that produced the Escuminac disaster formed in the Gulf of Mexico on June 18, 1959. It then moved northeastward across Florida and into the Atlantic becoming a hurricane for a while, before transitioning back into a tropical storm. The storm travelled quickly, but remained well out to sea for most of its journey. On June 20th, in the area of Sable Island, it changed to a northwesterly course and headed for Canso and into the Northumberland Strait. It changed course again, after having wrought its damage, and moved east-northeast to cross Nova Scotia and onward toward Newfoundland.

Weather predictions were not very dire as the storm approached, but were updated to warn of high winds. About 45 salmon-fishing boats were at sea between P.E.I. and New Brunswick, however, and were not equipped with radios to receive the updates.

“Fifty fishing boats were caught in the worst storm disaster ever to hit the Gulf of St. Lawrence last week. Thirteen bodies have been recovered and nineteen have been officially listed as missing. It is feared, however, that the toll will be greater as the search continues in the smaller hamlets along the shore.”

The Lunenburg Progress Enterprise, June 24, 1959

Twenty-two of the 50 boats, one-third of the fleet, sank. Thirty five men and boys, the youngest being only 13 years old were lost.

“Their boats have been found. They’re empty. It’s a terrible thing. All the men are lost.”

Yvon Durelle Quoted in The Reading Eagle, Reading PA, June 21, 1959

The sixteen fishermen who survived described the terror of their experience.

“We did wonder how some of the others were making out but there wasn’t much we could do. When it became too bad we reefed out sail and huddled in the cuddy. We were about 12 miles out.”

“It was the worst storm I’ve ever seen. I just can’t explain it to you. Waves rose up like mountains all around us. You have no idea how terrifying it was.”

“We have to do it or starve. It’s all we know. Most of us have fished all our lives.”

All three quotes from Nicole Lang, The Escuminac Disaster, Government of New Brunswick

Boats moored in the harbour, fish nets, lobster traps, and land facilities were also damaged.

“Cottages Wrecked: Winds gusting to 65 and 70 miles an hour were reported in the strait last night, whipping up waves 30 feet high.

“Summer cottages along the shoreline in Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick were wrecked. Others had to be evacuated because of the rising water. Thousands of dollars’ worth of fishing gear was lost and damage to moored boats was extensive.

“The storm disrupted communications throughout the seaboard facing on the Northumberland Strait in New Brunswick.

“On Prince Edward Island it was estimated that there will be a loss of about 75 per cent of the lobster traps.

“The storm is north of Nova Scotia and south of the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

“Fisherman Frank Gallant of the Grand Digue, N.B., said ‘it was the worst night I ever lived through.’ He said his small boat was nearly swamped several times.”

The Reading Eagle, ibid

Final reports confirmed that the winds had reached 75 mph, and waves had been raised to 50 feet. The total loss amounted to around $750,000.

Those who lost their lives were: John Chapman, Adrien Chiasson, Albert Chiasson, Alphonse Chiasson, Robert Chiasson, William Chiasson, Fraser Cook, Edgar Diagle, Charles Gauvin, Arthur Kelly, Hector Kelly, Hugh Kelly, Clifford Kingston, Windsor Kingston, Alfred McLenaghan, George McLeod, Amon Manuel, William G. Manuel, Alonzo Martin, Allan Mills, Andrew Mills, Geoffrey Richard, Jean Louis Richard, Lionel Richard, Raphael Robichaud, Victor Robichaud, Leo Roy, Harold Taylor, Cunard Williston, Eric Williston, Haley Williston, Haynes Williston and Oswald Williston.

Those noted for bravery were: Pierre Doiron, Alphonse Doucet, Alvin Durelle, Bernard Jenkins, Cyril Jenkins, Chlorin Jimmo, Leslie Lewis, Thomas Lewis, Brian Lloyd, Roy Lloyd, Aquila Manuel, Edmond Martin, Hilarion Martin, Jack Preston, Robert Searle and Theodore Williston.

Dawn Maclean and Cindy Barry, The Escuminac Disaster, Miramichi Literacy Council

Claude Roussel made a small wood sculpture entitled it Les Pêcheurs, which was intended as a model for a larger work. It won prizes and, in 1969, it was used to produce the stone sculpture pictured above.

Written by johnwood1946

July 18, 2018 at 8:05 AM

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A Sportsman’s Guide to Sunbury and Queens Counties, 1898. Who to See.

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From the blog at

A Sportsman’s Guide to Sunbury and Queens Counties, 1898. Who to See.

This description of Sunbury and Queens Counties in 1898 offers advice on who to see for lodging, goods and services. It names names, and I was able to find several relatives. Maybe you will too.

This is from Big Game in New Brunswick, written by W. Kilby Reynolds for the N.B. Crown Lands Department in 1898. Reynolds’ report, or book, was written in a very sparse style, almost in point form. I have edited it slightly to improve readability.

A Lucky Fisherman

From the McCord Museum, ca 1915


Sunbury County

The Canadian Pacific Railway, including the Fredericton Branch and the Saint John River streams plying between St. John and Fredericton, run through this County, where lake and brook trout, geese, black duck, woodcock, snipe and plover abound.

Tracy Station, C.P.R., is perhaps the best railway centre for anglers and sportsmen’s operations. There you will find trout streams and partridge covers (as well as large game) in abundance, at a distance of from two to twelve miles. There are also trout on the North Branch of the Oromocto, as well as on its tributaries such as Three Tree Creek, Meransey, Porcupine, and other streams. Stein’s hotel is at Tracy Station and there are also private houses which are very desirable at $3 per week. The lakes at the head of this river are in York County and are full of fine trout.

Guides, teams, etc. may be had from C.L. Tracy, Charles Lord and, Cunard Carr at Tracy Station; Lockwood Phillips and John Phillips at Little Lake; and Rankine Burtt at Tracyville. These charge from $2.00 to $2.50 per day and $3.50 when they provide boats. Flat bottomed boats are used on the brooks and sometimes on the lakes. They cost $1.00 per day. Teams cost $2.00 per day for single and $3.00 for double.

All the fishing, hunting and shooting grounds can be reached by wagon. The country is settled only along the rivers, and the residents own meadows and hay lands back on the brooks. In this way there are a good many roads in all directions. Although there are lumbermen’s camps and farm houses in many places, parties should carry tents.

Fredericton Junction is another centre for sportsmen. Lake and brook trout, black ducks, woodcock and partridges are the attraction. Several tributaries of the Main and Southwest Branches of the Oromocto are reached from this point. The Oromocto River and its marshes are good black duck ground. Meransey, Boone, Otter, Porcupine and other brooks, and Three Mile creek, afford good trout fishing.

At Fredericton Junction, is the American House, for $2 a day, and the Canadian House, and there are other houses where sportsmen and tourists may find comfortable quarters. Mr. John Sheehan, proprietor of the American House, will procure guides and teams. All necessary provisions may be procured locally. All shooting and fishing are free.

It is reported that there is salmon fishing in the area of Hoyt Station, but they did not give me any details besides the well-known and prolific trout fishing in the South Branch of the Oromocto River and Lake. It is also good in Meadow Brook, Half Moon Lake, Scholar’s Brook and Lake, etc., each of which, as well as the South Branch Lake, also afford good black duck shooting. Hoyt is the nearest station to these waters, except South Branch Lake which is best approached from Gaspereaux Station.

Guides are Louis Duplissea at Hoyt Station, and Thomas Alien at Gaspereaux Station, in Queens County. Teams are $3 for a single, and $5 a day for a double. Boats are $1 per day. Highway roads as a rule, lead to all the best fishing grounds. South Branch Lake club has lodges, and there are dwelling houses near all the other lakes and camps on the streams. Fishermen generally carry their supplies with them in this locality.

Going by daily steamer from Fredericton, twelve miles to Porto Bella, or from St. John, 45 miles to the mouth of Jemseg, the sportsmen may reach the Maquapit, French and Indian Lake grounds, which are much like those around the Jemseg, Grand Lake region, in Queen’s County. Indeed, the greater part of the Maquapit Lake is in Queens. Landing at Porto Bella, you have the French Lake and Indian Lake and marshes, Timber Lake, Jolly Ponds, Maquapit and Grand Lake, West Meadow and marshes of Grand Lake, (the latter three mostly in Queens) and an extensive duck and snipe range, covering scores of square miles. If you prefer taking these in the reverse order, land at Jemseg and proceed upwards to Porto Bella.

Duck lake, Foshay’s Lake, and Long, Island marshes are continuous and may be reached by canoe or other boat. All the places named are in settlements, where accommodations may easily be had. The people are hospitable and glad to see and assist sportsmen, making no charges for fishing or shooting privileges.

A good place to get guides for the Porto Bella, or in fact for any region here, is at the Indian (Malecite) villages, Oromocto, where canoe and man may be had for $1.75 a day. These grounds swarm with ducks and wild geese, snipe, etc.

Queens County

Steamers plying on the St. John River between St. John and Fredericton, pass through this County, and other steamers ply between St. John and points on the Washademoak and Grand Lakes, going through the latter to Chipman. The Central railway runs from Norton Station on the I.C.R. to Chipman on Salmon River, which flows into Grand Lake; the C.P.R. crosses the extreme southwestern end of the County.

All of the game fishes, excepting bass; and birds, excepting brant, are found in this County, which especially abounds with black duck. Wild geese and smaller water fowl are abundant in their seasons.

In the Jemseg (Grand Lake) region, the resorts for sportsmen are Jemseg Creek, Grand Lake, Den Brook, Grand Lake marshes and West Country meadows at Indian Point. As for beaches those of Grand Lake afford as good snipe and plover shooting as are to be found anywhere in the county, while the woodcock and partridge shooting is also good in the covers and woods. There are thousands of acres of marshes and shallows frequented by geese and ducks.

A steamer runs from Upper Jemseg to St. John. Hotels here are the Sunnyside, Cedars and River View for $1 a day, or $4 a week. The trout brooks are about three miles distant from the village and the shooting grounds half a mile and greater distances.

Teams are procured at the hotels for driving to the trout brooks, which are reached by the highway roads, and they cost from $1 to $2 per day. Canoes and other boats are used by sportsmen to reach the marshes and shores for goose and duck shooting. Snipe and plover, woodcock and partridges are easily reached without either teams or boats, although both can be used to advantage, in many cases. Hunting dogs and boats are obtained at F.J. Purdy’s Sunnyside. Canoes and other boats cost about $1 per day. It is not necessary to have camping outfits or provisions other than can be obtained at the hotels, as the sportsmen are within reach of the hotels, every night. Shooting is free; as is fishing, except in Den Brook, where small charges are made.

Chipman Station, on the Central Railway, is in the village of Chipman at the head of navigation on the Salmon River. It is also reached by Grand Lake steamer and is a very attractive resort for sportsmen. Salmon are sometimes taken in Salmon River within a few miles of the village, but the best fishing is further up. The country around is well watered by trout rivers and brooks, which are tributary to this stream. The Gaspereaux River and branches, and Coal Creek and their several lakes, also afford good trout fishing. Amongst the branches are Big Forks, Little Forks, South Forks, Lake Stream, Trout, Cherry, Sisson, and Coy Brooks, all running into Salmon River, Meadow, Trout, Demon’s, Perley, Pleasant, and McKean’s Brooks, branches of the Gaspereaux, North Fork, South Fork, Trout Brook, branches of Coal Creek; Meadow Brook, Half Moon, Lake streams, (2), McLean and Cameron Lakes; also Salmon and Red Bank Creeks, McGill marsh and Starkey’s Pond.

Hotels at Chipman are Chipman House, Wilson’s Hotel, 75 cts. to $1.00 per day, and $3 to $6 per week. Boarding houses which can be recommended are, D. McLean’s and E. Branscombe’s.

Canoes and other boats may be had at small cost where necessary, or for salmon fishing. There are none at the lakes; sportsmen and tourists generally bring canoes with them.

Guides are John Watson, for head of Gaspereaux River, Demon’s Brook and Salmon Creek; Owen Lafferty for Coal Creek and branches, McLean’s and Cameron Lakes; George Fulton or Patrick Walsh for Salmon River and branches, or any stream, lake or hunting ground, in this region. The guides charge $2 per day.

Teams cost $1.50 for a single, and $3.00 per day for a double. When the teamster acts as guide he charges for himself and outfit, single $2.00, double $4.00. For teams apply to Owen Lafferty, L.R. Wilson, J.H. Wilson, (of Wilson’s Hotel), Harry Darrah, (of Chipman House), Harry Craig and Andrew Darrah.

There is a permanent camp at Salt Springs on Coal Creek, built by parties hunting moose and deer, which frequent the springs. Tents are necessary in nearly all cases.

The best of all of these waters for trout are Demon’s Brook, head of Gaspereaux River, Pleasant and McKean Brooks. McGill marsh, 2½ miles long, and three quarters of a mile wide is fine for wild geese, black, and other ducks, plover and snipe. Meadow Brook Lake, one and a half by one miles, is good goose and black duck grounds. McLean Lake is a black duck resort, and Lake Stream lakes (seven miles long and three miles wide) are frequented by wild geese in the spring and ducks in the fall. Partridges and woodcock can be bagged in abundance in almost any locality after getting half a mile away from Chipman Station.

All necessary provisions can be got at Chipman village. Fishing and shooting are free in this region. Mr. Isaac C. Fraser, of Chipman, is a reliable resident who may be written to or applied to personally, for information by tourists or sportsmen.

A favorite resort for woodcock shooting in Queens County is Harding’s cover and, for woodcock and partridges, Ogden’s cover which is reached from Welsford Station or Clarendon Station on the C.P.R. Black Creek and Welsford Brook Lakes and other waters are resorted to for trout. The fishing and shooting grounds are from one to ten miles from the station. Put up at Wood’s hotel, which charges $1 per day or $4 per week. Good guides are J.S. Thompson at Welsford, and William Ogden or G.S. Lacy at Clarendon Station. Tents are generally used by sportsmen, and the travelling is by portage roads through the woods. The famous Smith, Oromocto Lake, which is leased by government is reached from Gaspereaux Station in this County. The lessees issue permits in some cases.

Written by johnwood1946

July 11, 2018 at 7:59 AM

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The Indian who was Transformed into a Megŭmoowesoo

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From the blog at

This is a Mi’kmaq story from Silas Rand’s Legends of the Micmacs, 1894.

Rand defined a Megŭmoowesoo as a sort of demigod, a fawn or satyr, possessed of superhuman power, often enticing humans away. He also said that it was a great calamity to be entrapped by one of them. This story is different, however, since the Megŭmoowesoo causes a happy outcome.

Mi’kmaq Encampment, ca. 1840

From the McCord Museum

The Indian who was Transformed into a Megŭmoowesoo

There was once a large Indian village where a chief and many people resided; among them was a young man who was so ugly-looking, so dilatory, and so awkward in hunting and in every other kind of business, that he was generally despised and ridiculed. He lived with an old woman who was his grandmother, both his parents being dead. He used to go out hunting with the rest; and one day, lagging behind as usual, he went astray. A heavy storm of wind and rain came on, and he was lost.

As he was without provisions, he wandered about hungry and faint, and would have perished but for a man who kindly cared for him, asked him home, fed, and entertained him for the night. His wigwam was large, commodious, and well stored with provisions and fur; the skins of beavers, foxes, martens, minks, and muskrats being stuffed in behind the poles of the wigwam all around.

In the evening the owner of the establishment brought out a flute, and played upon it in a most charming manner. It turned out that the occupant of this wigwam was a Megŭmoowesoo. The young man was delighted with his company, and wished to remain with this newly discovered companion, who treated him so kindly.

The next morning, however, when he awakes, he is kindly informed that he is now at liberty to take home as much of the food and fur as he can carry on his back. The Megŭmoowesoo pics up for him a bundle which is so big and heavy that he finds himself unable to move it, much less to carry it. His friend, offering to carry it for him, shoulders it, and they go off together. Arriving at the outskirts of the village, they rest the load upon the ground, the bearer saying to the young man, “I have assisted you so far, but I can go no farther; should you wish to see me at any time, come out here and I will meet you.” He then leaves him, and the young man goes home. To his surprise, he produces great excitement. He is astonished to learn that he has been gone a whole year, and has been given up as dead. It was supposed either that he had starved to death, or drowned, or frozen to death. The people gather in — young and old, men, women, and children, from all quarters — to look at him and ask him questions. He tells them that he has been hunting, and has left his load at the outskirts of the village. They go out and bring it in, and are amazed at its size and weight. They have to unbind and divide it into many portions before they can transport it to the village.

In the meantime the young man has resumed his place in his grandmother’s wigwam. After a while he thinks of taking to himself a wife; having become so rich and prosperous, he looks somewhat high, ugly as he is in form and features, and bad as his reputation has hitherto been. So, according to Indian custom, a custom not wholly done away with yet, he consults his guardian, and deputes her to make the needful request of the girl’s parents, — in short, to obtain for him a wife. One brief sentence, one single word, expresses in very figurative language the idea to this old lady. He says to her one day, “Noogŭmce, noogoo, ooldgwā mitoogwĕ” (Grandmother, come on! Make an evening visit). She understands what this means, and says to him, “My grandchild, where shall I go?” “To the chief’s house,” he answers. So she goes over and introduces the matter very curtly, in this wise, “Chief, I and my grandson are tired of living as we do, there being only two of us. I am becoming old and feeble, and cannot take care of the house as it requires.” The chief understands all the rest. It is a request that he will allow one of his daughters to go and be mistress of this establishment, and make a third in the party. He does not consider long. “Your grandson is ugly and lazy, and you are poor.” This is a flat refusal. She fails in her enterprise, and goes home and tells her grandson. He takes it very coolly. It does not drive him mad. He simply says, “Mooejelahdookw” (We have done our part; we cannot help it; it is not our fault”).

Soon after this he recollects what the Megŭmoowesoo told him, — that should he wish to see him again, he should go out to the spot where they last parted, and he would find him there. So taking leave of his grandmother, he retires to the spot indicated; and there, sure enough, he finds his friend. He greets him cordially, and invites him home. They do not have to travel far; he finds all the luxuries there that he found in his first visit. But they meet with a remarkable adventure on their way. The Megŭmoowesoo kills a large, fat moose, dresses it, and divides the carcass in two parts, places one of the parts on his own shoulders, and asks his companion to fetch along the other. To his surprise he was able to shoulder the burden with all ease, and carry it without tiring.

In the evening the Megŭmoowesoo brings out his flute again, and plays upon it. After a while he says, “Nedăp, nefowe-pee-poo-gwĕn?” (Comrade, do you know how to play the flute?) He replies that he does not. He then tells him to take the flute and he will show him how to play. He applies the instrument to his lips, puts his fingers upon the holes, and to his astonishment and delight he can play as sweetly as his friend. He passes two nights this time at this ‘enchanted castle,’ and is then dismissed. When the Megŭmoowesoo sends him away, he endows him with the same magical powers which he himself possesses, removes all his deformities, and enables him to work all the wonders he can work, and then leaves him. He then binds up a monstrous bundle of furs and venison, of which the wigwam is full, shoulders the burden, and walks triumphantly home. When he enters his grandmother’s wigwam, he discovers that he is so transformed that he cannot be recognized until he tells who he is; and he also learns that he has been absent from the village two years instead of two nights, as it had seemed to him. His grandmother is wonderfully delighted on learning who he is, and what he has become. The whole village is now astir; and all the people, old and young, come trooping to the wigwam, greatly astonished to see the change that has come over him.

In the evening he takes out his flute and plays it. The inhabitants of the village are charmed and astonished beyond measure. The young women, arrayed in their best robes and ornaments, flock to the wigwam continually, each one ‘setting her cap’ for him; but he treats them with great contempt, turns his back upon them literally, and looks in the opposite direction. Presently the chief comes over to the lodge on special business. He has an errand with the old grandmother. He informs her that he is now willing that his daughter should come over to their lodge and reside with them. But the young man replies, “Mogwā, wĕdŭmedalumooloo noogóó” (I have no need of your service now). He has become independent; and now that he is so rich and beautiful, he resents the slight put upon him when he was poor and ugly.

In a few days he repeats the request to his grandmother which he had made on a former occasion, to go out and find a wife for him, or, as it is poetically expressed in the tale, make an evening visit. She says, “Noojeech tâme leĕdĕs?” (My grandchild, where shall I go?) He replies that away to the extremity of the village is a small wigwam, in which reside two poor orphan girls. To that wigwam he desires her to go. She rises slowly, goes to the appointed place, does her errand, and immediately receives a favorable answer. She says to one of the girls, “Will you come over and stop with us?” The young lady understands the import of the question, and modestly replies, “If you and your grandson both desire it, I will go.” She is given to understand that this is the case. She then goes home immediately with the mother-in-law, and becomes the young man’s wife without further ado.

But when this is noised abroad, there is a great commotion made. The other girls are enraged, and are ready to kill the poor bride. But they rave and rage in vain. The young man removes from the village, takes his grandmother, his wife, and her sister, and goes far back into the woods, and — “further deponent saith not.”

Written by johnwood1946

July 4, 2018 at 7:49 AM

Posted in Uncategorized

Edward Mitchell Bannister, a Prominent Artist From Saint Andrews

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From the blog at

Edward Mitchell Bannister, a Prominent Artist From Saint Andrews

Edward Mitchell Bannister’s father was of African descent and was born in Barbados. He subsequently relocated to Saint Andrews, New Brunswick, and married Hannah Alexander who is said to have had Scottish roots. Hannah’s racial background has not been determined.

Edward was born in Saint Andrews in November of 1828. Very little is known of his early life, except that he was raised by his mother alone, his father having died when Edward was only three or four years old (1832). Edward learned to sketch as a child, and later credited his mother with supporting his interest in the arts. His mother died in 1844 when Edward was 15 or 16, and he then lived with an unidentified white family. This arrangement was only temporary, however, since he is known to have moved to Boston by 1848 or 50. In the meantime, between the death of his mother and his move to Boston, he had worked as an actor and as a cook aboard ship. They say that the work at sea paid reasonably well and also served to bring him into contact with the American east coast. This could explain his move to Boston.

In Boston, Edward worked at several jobs, including as a barber in one of the hairdressing shops of Christiana Carteaux. This was arranged through an organization which supported the employment of black Americans. Christiana was a successful wig-maker and hairdresser, of Native American descent, who had several shops that allowed her some independence. They were married on June 10, 1857, and both continued their active support of the abolition cause. She is known to have campaigned for equal pay for black soldiers and other causes during the Civil War, for example.

Edward and Christiana moved to Providence, in her home state of Rhode Island in 1869 or 71, where both of their careers prospered. They never had a family.

Edward was painting in Boston, and continued this in Providence. Early during his time in Providence he attended lectures by a sculptor on depicting the human figure, and some of his other jobs were also of an artistic nature — hand-coloring photographic prints, for example. By 1863 he was included in a book about blacks, which noted that his accomplishments were “despite the many obstacles thrown in his way by his color.” Race certainly was an obstacle, as evidenced in the New York Herald in 1867 when it was written that “the Negro seems to have an appreciation for art while being manifestly unable to produce it.”

It is said that the slur in the New York Herald gave Edward a determination to show that they were wrong, and nine years after that, in 1876, his large painting Under the Oaks was awarded first prize in the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. The awards committee was unaware that he was black, and they were appalled when he appeared to accept and considered withdrawing the honor. His fellow contestants supported him, however, and he kept the prize.

Bannister is termed a ‘Tonalist’, which was a term used to describe a style of landscape painting which emerged in the 1880’s. He was also part of a movement at that time to paint American scenes instead of European ones. He became well known during his lifetime, but was nearly forgotten in later years and many of his earlier paintings are now missing. People began to take greater interest in his work in the 1970’s, however, and he is now recognized not only for his skill but also for his success as an African American. Several posthumous honors have been bestowed.

His earlier paintings, in particular, employed a heavy impasto. Landscapes were a favourite subject, but he also painted nautical scenes and portraits.

Edward Bannister died on January 9, 1901 of a heart attack. The house which Edward and Christiana rented in Providence belongs to Brown University, who recently renovated it and installed a memorial plaque.


The Bannister House, Before and After Renovation, 2016

Examples of Edward Bannister’s Work

The Newsboy, 1869, from the Smithsonian American Art Museum

River Scene, 1883, from Wikimedia

Sabin Point, Narragansett Bay, 1885, from Wikimedia

Palmer River, 1885, from Wikimedia

The Farm Landing, 1892, from Wikimedia

Written by johnwood1946

June 27, 2018 at 8:10 AM

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The Historic Trappist Monastery at Tracadie, N.S., and the Antigonish Area in 1892

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From the blog at

Today’s blog describes of the area around Antigonish, Tracadie (Nova Scotia), and Mulgrave in 1892, as found in Forest, Stream and Seashore, by the Intercolonial Railway. This includes a description of the historic Trappist Monastery at Tracadie which dates to 1820.

St. Peter’s Parish Church, Tracadie, N.S.

From “Canada’s Historic Places” website


The Historic Trappist Monastery at Tracadie, N.S., and the Antigonish Area in 1892


Three score and ten years ago Judge Haliburton recorded his opinion that Antigonish was one of the prettiest villages in the eastern section of Nova Scotia, and his judgment on this point requires no revision at the present day. It is beyond doubt an attractive place. Its tidy dwellings stand amid beautiful shade trees on low ground, while the hills rise in graceful cones near at hand. Among these hills are sweet and pleasant valleys and the brooks are as clear as crystal. The village is the capital of the County, and is also the seat of the Bishop of Antigonish. St. Ninian’s Cathedral is a fine edifice, built of stone and erected at a large expense. It will seat 1,200 persons. St. François Xavier College is located near it and has a large number of students from all parts of the provinces. The college and church grounds are beautifully situated, and many of the private residences are remarkably tasteful in their appearance and their surroundings.

The community is largely composed of Highland Scotch, and certain historic family names are so well represented that many of the prominent residents are known by their Christian names coupled with some distinguishing title, frequently one showing the line of descent. In this part of the country, as through Cape Breton, the Gaelic language is extensively spoken, and for the benefit of many of the older people sermons in that tongue are preached from time to time in the cathedral.

The mouth of the harbor is eight miles from the village, and a number of the residents have summer cottages there. The beach is of smooth sand and permits the bather to go out a long distance from the shore.

It is believed that the word Antigonish is a corruption of the Indian Nalkitgoniash, which means either Forked River or Big Fish River. Another theory is that the original word was Nalegitkooneech, a place where branches are torn off by the bears gathering beechnuts. The scenery is good in all parts of this district. The Lord’s Day Gale and other storms have done a large amount of injury to the forests, but enough beauty remains to satisfy the sightseer. By all odds the most attractive spot is at Lochaber Lake, on the road to Sherbrooke, thirteen miles from the village. This lake is about five miles long, and varies in width from a few hundred feet to nearly half a mile. The road runs along its bank for the entire distance, amid foliage of the most attractive character. The water is very deep and remarkably clear and pure, while the banks rise abruptly from it and have a very beautiful effect. There are excellent roads in this part of the country, and abundant opportunities for driving or making a bicycle journey. A favorite drive, in addition to that to I.ochaber, is to St. George’s Bay, a little over six miles from the village, from the shore of which there is a grand view extending far out to the waters of the open sea.

Antigonish is in touch with some of the famous gold mining districts of Nova Scotia, such as the Sherbrooke, Forest Hill and Isaac’s Harbor mines. These are reached by a journey of forty miles or so over good highways. The Sherbrooke road is a convenient way by which to reach some of the fishing and hunting grounds of Guysboro. By going about twenty miles, St. Mary’s River is reached at the Forks. Here there is good fishing all along the river, and good accommodation may be had at Melrose. From here to the Stillwater Salmon Pools is seven miles, and some fine salmon may be caught. Sherbrooke, a few miles lower down, is a very pretty place, and here one may catch not only fine sea trout, but salmon ranging from fifteen to forty pounds in weight. The fly best suited to this river is one with light yellow body and dark yellow wings. In the other salmon rivers the Admiral is a favorite, as well as another with turkey wing, grey body and golden pheasant tail, Guysboro Lakes have fine trout in them. The mountains of this country, too, are the haunts of moose.

In approaching Antigonish by the railway, after leaving Barney’s River, the road runs through a canyon, extending for a number of miles, and which is part of the beautiful Piedmont valley. Far away and near at hand rise tree-clad hills, on which the sunshine gives a glory to the varying hues of summer foliage, to show in vivid contrast with the shadows cast in the vales beneath.

Near Antigonish is Sugar Loaf Mountain with a height of 750 feet—from which is a view of sea and land that includes even the shore of Cape Breton. Only a few miles from Antigonish is Gaspereau Lake, which is 500 feet above the water in the harbor, so it will be seen that there is no lack of hills, with all kinds of scenery, in this part of the world.

There is some fair trout fishing in the rivers of this vicinity, good partridge shooting and amazing opportunities for bagging wild geese in their season. Three men have secured twenty-five in three days on the shore of St. George’s Bay, near at hand, and only recently an Indian shot twenty geese at Town Point, six miles from the village, and walked into Antigonish staggering under the weight of his acquisition. The man had more than he could dispose of, and it is understood that he made a vow never to shoot as many at one time again unless the prospects of a market were better.

Leaving Antigonish, South River is the first place to claim attention, with its picturesque islands and green hills, while here and there the white plaster rock brings out the colors of the forest and field in brighter relief. If the journey be made in the autumn, it is almost a certainty that wild geese and ducks will be seen at South River. It is no uncommon thing for an approaching train to cause several flocks to rise from the river close at hand, while at a distance may be seen the heads of thousands of others, as they float tranquilly on the water.

The Trappists of Tracadie

The word Tracadie means a camping ground, and it designates a locality in each of the Maritime Provinces. The Tracadie of New Brunswick is best known to the world from the fact that the Lazaretto for lepers is located in its vicinity, and the Tracadie of Nova Scotia has a claim to distinction in having had the only Trappist Monastery in Canada south of the St. Lawrence, and one of the few on the continent.

Tracadie station is twenty-one miles from Antigonish, and there is a good harbor near at hand, opening into St. George’s Bay. There is an Indian reserve in the neighborhood.

The Monastery of Our Lady of Petit Clairvaux, which was its proper title, was founded in 1820. The members of the community were Cistercian Monks, though commonly called Trappists from their obedience to the rule of La Trappe, the founder of the order. They had between five and six hundred acres of land connected with the monastery, much of which was in a high state of cultivation. Within the last few years, however, the community suffered heavily from fire, losing the monastery, grist mill, carding mill and barns, on two different occasions. A new monastery was erected, but the work of replacing all that was destroyed was of necessity slow and attended with difficulty, and the community, numbering only about a score of monks, who were chiefly Belgians, became discouraged at the outlook and emigrated quite recently in a body to a new home. Another community of Trappists in France, numbering sixty persons, it is however now announced, have secured the vacated property and will shortly arrive to take up the work of their predecessors.

The life of a Trappist is devoted to prayer, manual labor and silence. The ordinary hour of rising is two o’clock in the morning, except on Sundays and feast days, when the hour is half-past one. The remainder of what most people would call the night is spent in chanting the offices of the church, in meditation and other religious duties. The fast is broken by a light meal at 7:30 in the summer and 11:30 in the winter, the latter season being kept as a Lent. The monks never eat meat, fish or eggs, and it is only of recent years that butter has been allowed in the preparation of the vegetable food. The discipline is strict in all other respects, for the Trappist life is the most rigorous of all the monastic orders. Conversation, when necessary, is carried on by signs, except in addressing the Abbot.

The monks, in addition to their own manual labor, furnish considerable employment to others who assist them in their work, and they are excellent farmers. In their religious duties they seek to make reparation for the sins of the outside world. Despite of what seems a severe life they enjoy excellent health and live to a great age, as a rule. All their life, however, is a preparation for death. The burial place is close to the monastery, where it is continually in sight. When a monk dies he is buried in his habit, uncoffined; and when the grave is filled-in another grave is opened to remind the survivors that one of them must be its tenant in his appointed time.

On an Ocean Bye-Way

If the Atlantic be a highway for the commerce of nations, what but a bye-way, or convenient short cut, is the Strait of Canseau. It is the great canal which nature has placed between the ocean and the Gulf of St. Lawrence, by which not only is distance shortened, but the perils of the sea are, in many cases, reduced to a minimum. Fourteen miles or so in length, and about a mile in width, its strong currents assert its claim to be part of the great sea beyond, while the thousands of sail passing and repassing year after year tell of its importance to the trade of the whole Atlantic Coast.

The Intercolonial railway reaches the Strait of Canseau at Mulgrave. Here the high land on the western shore affords some glorious views, both of the long stretch of water, dotted with all kinds of craft, and of the sloping hills of the island beyond. The most prominent of the heights on the mainland is Cape Porcupine, from the summit of which the telegraph wires once crossed, high over the waters, to Plaister Cove. In the early days of ocean cables those slender threads in midair were a part of the tie which united Europe and America. When breaks occurred—and in such an exposed situation they were bound to occur—the link between two worlds was broken. The adoption of submarine cables solved the problem for all time.

Mulgrave has not only a hotel but a number of private houses where excellent accommodation can be had by those who wish to remain for a time or make this the centre from which to visit some of the places along the Strait. The roads are good and there is fair fishing in the vicinity. Morrison’s Lake, which lies under the shadow of Cape Porcupine, is two miles from the wharf, and is reached by an easy road. Big Tracadie Lake is three and a half miles distant, and Chisholm’s Lake lies between the one last mentioned and the highway. The road is a good one and through a settled country. To the southward of the wharf are the Goose Harbor Lakes, a chain which extends from three miles beyond Pirate Harbor to the southern coast of Guysboro.

As for salt water fishing, it may be had all along the Strait. Indeed, one lad has a record of seventy bass caught by him from the wharf at Mulgrave in one morning. They ranged from four to six pounds each.

Port Hawkesbury and Port Hastings, on the other side of the Strait, are also good places for those who are in search of rest and quiet, with plenty of sea breezes, a good view of the waters east and west and every chance for boating, driving or wheeling. Good accommodation is to be found at both places.

Steamers leave Mulgrave on certain days of each week for Guysboro and Canseau, on the Nova Scotia shore to the southward, and for Arichat on the Cape Breton side A steamer also runs up the north shore of Cape Breton to Port Hood, Mabou and Margaree Harbor. In both directions are places to delight those who want to get thoroughly out of the ordinary course of the tourist, and yet find much that is novel and of interest.

Written by johnwood1946

June 20, 2018 at 8:17 AM

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God is in His Heaven and All’s Well With New Brunswick — 1832

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From the blog at

God is in His Heaven and All’s Well With New Brunswick — 1832

Sir Archibald Campbell, Lieutenant Governor at That Time

From Wikipedia

Thomas Baillie wrote An Account of the Province of New Brunswick… (London, 1832), describing the Province with emphasis upon the benefits of immigrating there. In today’s installment, he speaks of New Brunswick’s institutions in such rosy terms that I entitled it God is in His Heaven and All’s Well With New Brunswick — 1832. The following is edited and abridged from his book.


I shall now proceed to lay before my readers a short account of the institutions of the Province. New Brunswick forms part of the general government of the North American provinces, being included in the Governor-General’s commission; but, except when he is present in the Province, the Lieutenant-Governor, who is appointed to the command of New Brunswick by a separate commission, is in every respect the Governor; and the Province is now happy in having so distinguished an officer as Sir Archibald Campbell to preside over her interests; he is assisted by an executive council of twelve, whenever he thinks proper to call upon those gentlemen for their advice and opinion. The executive council also constitutes the legislative council, and forms the same branch in the constitution of the province as the House of Lords in England; but their station is not here datary, being appointed by the King, under a recommendation from the Lieutenant-Governor. The House of Assembly consists of twenty-eight members, who are chosen by the freeholders, and who represent the several counties as follows, viz. York, four; St. John, four ; City, St. John, two; King’s County, two; Queen’s County, two; Charlotte, four; Sunbury, two; Westmoreland, four; Northumberland, two; Kent, one; and Gloucester, one. The population of New Brunswick, according to the census taken in 1824, amounted to seventy-four thousand souls; but I have reason to believe that the above was far short of the actual number then in the province, and there can be no doubt it has greatly increased since that period, not only from natural causes, but from the influx of emigrants from the mother-country.

The common law of England is applicable in New Brunswick, and most of the provincial enactments are founded upon the laws of England. The administration of justice is easy and impartial, there being a chief-justice and three assistant judges, who are men of the highest respectability and character; they perform regular circuits to the different county towns, for the trial of prisoners and other legal business, where the greatest order and decorum invariably prevail, and where the poor man will obtain equal justice with the rich. There are also quarter sessions held in the several county towns; but much legal knowledge cannot be expected from the bench of magistrates, few of whom have ever paid any attention to it. The jurors are generally men of respectability and intelligence; and these courts are, therefore, quite as good as can be expected in so young a country.

New Brunswick is included in the diocese of Nova Scotia, and the establishment of the Church of England consists of the archdeacon as its head, who is rector of Fredericton; he is a man of the most amiable and conciliating manners, of the most irreproachable character, and eminently qualified to fill the important station he holds. There are besides 30 missionaries, who receive a certain stipend from their parishes, besides a regulated allowance from the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. They are all men of excellent character, and are most deservedly respected throughout the Province. There are also several of the Roman Catholic clergy, and some Wesleyan missionaries, who are all, I believe, very respectable and good men.

King’s College, at Fredericton, lately erected at considerable expense, is a handsome building of the Doric order. It is liberally endowed by His Majesty, as well as by the provincial legislature, and possesses besides a valuable tract of more than five thousand acres of land, in the immediate neighbourhood of the town. The education of youth is there carried on with every regard to their comfort, morals, and future progress in life, under professors of high character and attainments; and the expense to the student is so moderate, that it is within the reach of a great many persons; and although at present the number of students does not, I believe, exceed twelve; yet, as the Province advances, I hope to see young men who have been educated there, prove a credit to themselves, and a future ornament and lasting advantage to the Province.

In addition to the college, there is an excellent grammar-school in each county, besides numerous schools in the several parishes for the education of the children of the lower classes; and as all these establishments are liberally paid by the legislature, the sums required from the pupils are so moderate, as to exclude no persons from availing themselves of these advantages.

In conclusion, I will address a few words of advice to those persons who may be inclined to proceed to this inviting country, where there are neither tithes nor taxes, but a moderate poor-rate is required from all persons, according to their property, for the support and care of such poor who, from age, sickness, or other infirmities, are unable to provide for themselves. There is also a certain portion of statute labour to be performed upon the road by all persons in proportion to their wealth and, I am sorry to say, that in almost all cases it is done with a bad grace, so much so, that half the amount of labour, under proper management, would do more work.

Should a person possessing 1,0001. and upwards, proceed to New Brunswick, I should recommend him to purchase a farm which is already made to his hand, and most likely having a house and barn on it: he will perhaps get one to suit him for 4001. or 5001., leaving more than enough to buy stock, furniture, &c. so that he will have a considerable sum remaining for any future occasion. Taking it, therefore, for granted, that he is industrious, and willing to work himself, having a family to assist him, his farm ought to produce him abundance for the comfortable support of himself and family.

A person possessing from 1001. to 1,0001. might purchase such a tract of crown land as could not fail to make, in a few years, a beautiful farm; he would have to pay from 2s. 6d. to 5s. 6d. an acre, according to the situation and quality of the soil, he will then perhaps employ people to clear as many acres as he thinks he can manage, get a log house, and perhaps a small barn built; and that man is in a fair way of enjoying comfort and independence. Persons with less capital than 1001. would, of course, hire themselves out to service, and would receive good wages, but the price of labour is not near so high as it was in 1824; in that, and the succeeding year, a labourer could scarcely be hired under five shillings a day, but now the usual price is about half-a-crown and, as provisions are very cheap, a man can provide himself with food at a trifling cost. I would not recommend emigrants to take any furniture with them, but all articles of bedding and clothes should of course form part of their baggage; if they have a gun it may also accompany them, and should they have the means to purchase a small steel hand-mill for grinding wheat, it would no doubt turn to good account in a new settlement, which may possibly be far from a mill. Mechanics should, by all means, take out their chest of tools with them, as those articles are very dear. Masons and bricklayers get about eight or ten shillings a day; carpenters from six shillings to seven shillings and sixpence; and all other mechanics in proportion.

The voyage to New Brunswick is very short, and varies from three to five weeks: the passage money is low in proportion, and including food is only about four or five pounds; half-price for children, and for infants nothing. There are so many excellent ports in New Brunswick that an emigrant can scarcely go wrong; but if he is anxious to get immediately into the interior, the River St. John affords him the best opportunity, and abundance of superior land is to be found near its banks. From the port of St. John, an emigrant can make his way to Fredericton by a steam-boat, for 2s. 6d.; and the public offices being at Fredericton, it would be well for him to get up there as soon as he can, if he wants land, although the deputy-surveyors at the different ports can explain to him where he can get land, and are always ready to afford him every information. There is also an agent for emigrants at St. John’s, who would pay him every attention, and inform him where he would be likely to find employment. If, therefore, there are persons, who, with a small capital, would like to improve it, — persons with a few hundred pounds who would wish to live comfortably on their own farm, — industrious mechanics out of work, who would wish to save money, — or hardy labourers, who can get no employment, and who would be glad to have a little farm of their own, — let them proceed to New Brunswick, and they must be either very unfortunate or very careless if they do not succeed.

Written by johnwood1946

June 13, 2018 at 9:02 AM

Posted in Uncategorized